Jade plant, also known as Crassula ovata, is a popular succulent plant native to South Africa. It is characterized by its fleshy, oval-shaped leaves and thick, woody stems. Here is a description of jade plant and care instructions to help you keep it healthy.
1. Light: Jade plant thrives in bright, indirect light. Place it near a sunny window where it can receive a few hours of sunlight each day. However, avoid exposing it to intense, direct sunlight for prolonged periods as it can cause leaf burn.
2. Temperature: Jade plant prefers average room temperatures between 65 to 75°F (18 to 24°C). It can tolerate slightly cooler temperatures but is sensitive to frost, so avoid exposing it to cold drafts or extreme temperature fluctuations.
3. Watering: Allow the soil to dry out between waterings. Water the jade plant thoroughly, ensuring that excess water drains out of the pot. Overwatering can lead to root rot, so it's important to avoid soggy soil. During winter, reduce watering frequency as the plant enters a semi-dormant state.
4. Soil: Use well-draining soil specifically formulated for succulents or mix regular potting soil with perlite or sand to improve drainage.
5. Fertilizer: Feed jade plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer once a month during the growing season (spring to summer). Reduce or stop fertilizing during winter when the plant is dormant.
6. Pruning: Prune jade plant to maintain its shape and size. You can trim the stems or remove any dead or damaged leaves. Propagation can also be done through stem cuttings.
7. Pests and Diseases: Jade plant is generally resistant to pests and diseases. However, overwatering or excessively humid conditions can attract pests like mealybugs or aphids. If infested, treat with an appropriate insecticide or wipe the leaves with a cotton swab soaked in rubbing alcohol.
By following these care instructions, you can ensure that your jade plant remains healthy and thrives in your home or garden.